3rd Myanmar-US/UK Nonproliferation Dialogue

December 8-10, 2015

Link to Agenda
Link to
Participant List



Session 1: Myanmar after the General Election

This session will discuss the implications of Myanmar’s election results. What do election results mean for Myanmar? What do they mean for Myanmar’s foreign policy and, in particular, for its relations with Western countries? What are the implications for Myanmar’s approach to nonproliferation? Are we likely to see change or continuity in Myanmar’s efforts to burnish its nonproliferation credentials?

Myanmar Speaker: U Kyee Myint and U Zeya Thu

Session 2: The Additional Protocol, the Modified Small Quantities Protocol, and Radioactive Source Management
This session will look at the Additional Protocol (AP), the modified Small Quantities Protocol (SQP), and radioactive source management, and how the US/UK can assist this effort. How far has Myanmar gone in implementing the AP? What challenges has it faced? When does Myanmar anticipate adopting its AP? Given that the AP and modified SQP complement each other, when does Myanmar intend to submit a modified SQP? How prevalent are radioactive source materials in Myanmar? How are they managed and how can management be improved? What assistance does Myanmar need in these areas?

US/UK Speaker: Matthew Cottee

Session 3: Implementation of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention
This session will examine the implementation processes associated with the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) and how the US/UK can assist this effort. What are the BTWC’s implementation requirements? So far, what steps has Myanmar taken to incorporate the Convention’s provisions into its national laws and regulations? What challenges does Myanmar face? How can they be overcome? What assistance mechanisms can Myanmar use to help implement the BTWC?

US/UK Speaker: Jaime Yassif 

Session 4: Implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention
This session will explore the implementation processes associated with the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and how the US/UK can assist this effort. What are the CWC’s implementation requirements? So far, what steps has Myanmar taken to incorporate the Convention’s provisions into its national laws and regulations? What challenges does Myanmar face? How can they be overcome? What assistance mechanisms can Myanmar use to help implement the CWC?

Myanmar Speaker: Thar Htat Kyaw
US/UK Speaker: Scott Spence

Session 5: Strategic Trade Controls and UN Sanctions Implementation
This session will discuss strategic trade controls, UN sanctions implementation, and how the US/UK can assist Myanmar in building capacity in this area. What is Myanmar’s current trade control regime? What are its main components? How is Myanmar’s regime governed legally and institutionally? Does Myanmar intend to reform/improve it? How? What the provisions and implementation requirements of UN sanctions regimes on North Korea and Iran? What are the priorities to best implement these regimes?

Myanmar Speaker: Myat Min Oo and Win Min Phyo
US/UK Speaker: Nick Gillard   

Session 6: The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation
This session will explore the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC). What is the HCOC? What is its purpose? What is its scope? What are its key provisions and requirements? How is the HCOC implemented? Does Myanmar envision joining the HCOC? What steps would it need to take to become a subscribing party? Would this entail specific challenges? How could they be resolved?

US/UK Speaker: David Santoro
Myanmar Speaker: Tin Aung Myint

Session 7: Conclusions and Next Steps
This session will summarize the meeting’s discussions, identify its key findings, and reflect on next steps for this dialogue. What are the key takeaways? What are the problems facing Myanmar in its efforts to endorse nonproliferation rules and norms? What are the solutions in the short-, medium-, and long-terms? How can this dialogue better assist Myanmar’s efforts?